1.2- TribeJoliffieae + Overview Tribe Joliffieae is in the subfamily Cucurbitoideae of the gourd family Cucurbitaceae. + Taxonomy Tribe Joliffieae has 2 subtribes: I- Subtribe Thladianthinae: consisting of 4 genera Genera: 1- Indofevillea 2- Momordica 3- Siraitia 4- Thladiantha II- Subtribe Telfairiinae: consisting of 1 genus Genus: 1- Telfairia
2.2- Subtribe Telfairiinae Subtribe Telfairiinaeconsists of 1 genus: Telfairia 1- Genus Telfairia + Overview Telfairiais a small genus of flowering plants in the squash familywhich are native to Africa. The genus was named for Irish naturalistCharles Telfair(1778-1833). The genus include Telfairia occidentalis, the fluted pumpkin, which is an important vegetable inNigeriaand other African nations. It is also known as the oyster nut, a common name it shares with its relativeTelfairia pedata. These are woody and herbaceousdioeciousvineswhich bear squashlike fruits that contain large, nutritious oily seeds. The third species isTelfairia batesiiwhich is very rare and not cultivated. These vines grow quickly to lengths of 30 meters or more, usingtendrilsto scale trees.Telfairia pedatais grown as anornamental plantfor its attractive foliage. The seeds ofTelfairia occidentalisandTelfairia pedataare over 25% protein and 55% oil, making them a good source of nutrition. They are used as a traditional food source for nursing mothers, the seed flour is fermented to make baby food, the leaves and shoots, especially ofTelfairia occidentalis, are eaten as vegetables. One recent concern has been the impact oftelfairia mosaic virus, which, along with other problems, is a threat to the already low genetic diversity of plants of this genus. + Species The genus Telfairiahave 3 species: Telfairia batesii Telfairia occidentalis- fluted pumpkin, oyster nut Telfairia pedata(syn.T. africana, Fevillea pedata, Joliffia africana) - oyster nut, queen's nut, Zanzibar oil vine.